If you see a Scorpion in Hawaii, more than likely it’s the lesser brown scorpion or isometrus maculatus. The lesser brown is distributed throughout tropical areas worldwide; in Hawaii, it can be found on almost all the major islands.
The lesser brown looks deadly and mean as any of it’s mainland cousins, but its bite while painful lacks the neurotoxins that can pose severe health risks. The non neuro-toxin sting of the Hawaii scorpion generally produces severe pain and swelling around the puncture area of the skin. Muscle pain and nausea can be associated with a scorpion bite, but most likely will decrease after a 24 hour period.
The scorpion uses a very sharp, curved tip at the end of its tail to inject a sting into the flesh of its victim. The scorpion will normally make multiple strikes, with the thrust of the sting over top of the scorpions carapace (body).
About the Hawaii scorpion
Compared to other arachnids, scorpions live a long life: between 3-5 years. They have a courtship process that is similar to spiders. Once mating is complete, the female will eat the male. Scorpions are cannibalistic and will prey on other scorpions; mothers will occasionally eat their young.
The lesser brown prefers kona or dry sides of the islands and is a nocturnal hunter. During the day, they hide beneath boards, rocks, shoes, trash, discarded lumber. Scorpions can generally be found beneath homes or in attics and will access the interior of homes via wall partitions. They can also be found near water sources such as your kitchen or bathroom–It’s always important to make sure you don’t have any pooling water on your property, but this is especially true inside your home.
Non-chemical scorpion control begins with making sure your property is clear of debris the scorpion can use as a hiding place. Chemical control of scorpions should begin with spot treatment around baseboards, beneath furniture, in closets, or any other crevice scorpions could be hiding. As a general rule, rock walls, porches, attics and crawl spaces should be sprayed by a Honolulu pest control expert to control a possible scorpion infestation. Kamaaina Termite and Hawaii Pest Control has decades of experience dealing with scorpions and other Hawaii biting insects.