Fruit Fly in Hawaii
Fruit flies in Hawaii are ubiquitous pests. They first arrived in the Hawaiian islands around 1895 and are widespread across all elevations and individual islands. At higher elevations they feed on plants both native and agricultural.
The most common types of fruit flies in Hawaii are the Melon fly, Mediterranean fruit fly, Oriental fruit fly, and the Solanaceous fruit fly.
Fruit flies are attracted to the yeast resulting from the beginning stages of organic material decomposing. The adult fruit fly will puncture the surface of organic material in order to feed and lay eggs.
Generally, the fruit fly is most active during warm, sunny days where they feed on plant secretions and aphid produced honeydew.
How & Where Fruit Flies Reproduce
The entire life cycle of the fruit fly larvae is only 25 days, largely dependent on available food sources and water. They live and develop in moist organic material, or standing water.
How do you know if you have a Fruit Fly problem?
Adult flies and their pupae are generally easy to spot in your home and kitchen. Their mere presence probably indicates you may have a fruit fly infestation in your home or business. Fruit flies are most noticeable near or on over-ripened fruit and vegetables, garbage cans, sugary liquid, decaying organic matter and left out beer or liquor bottles and cans.
By simply removing these items or placing them in sealed containers, you can greatly reduce your chances of a fruit fly infestation.
Fruit Fly control tips & techniques
Fruit Flies are notoriously difficult to completely eradicate. They are small and are attracted to anything organic and sugary–that not only includes fruit, meat, soda, all organic material and alcohol as well. Place all organic material, especially fruits and vegetables in the refrigerator and sealed bags/containers. Clean counters of food debris and spills; regularly remove all trash and rubbish from inside the home.
Double check to make sure you do not have any accessible organic matter, as this is where fruit flies lay their eggs. Dispose or compost all over-ripe fruits and vegetables. Make sure garbage cans and recycling bins are kept clean. Open water sources can also be breeding grounds for yard based fruit flies (as well as mosquitoes); drain all standing water.
Types of Fruit Fly traps
There are several types of traps that you can purchase either at your local outdoor and home improvement store or make yourself.
- Non-toxic food/protein based liquid traps: Flies that enter trap cannot escape to continue breeding.
- Yellow Sticky board: These can be used with or without attractants.
- Lure Traps: Also known as a tent trap, removable, sticky insert floor to catch flies and a cotton wick for the lure.
- DIY Traps: Employ various types of trapping containers and utilize vinegar traps.
Fruit fly traps may not completely solve your fruit fly problem; should you find fruit fly infestations are a chronic household issue and concern, contact your local Oahu Pest Control expert for advice and service.